2021: Technology Roads

Exascale computers are deployed
An exaFLOP is 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 (a million trillion, or one quintillion) floating point operations per second. The world’s best supercomputers are now reaching this rate, which is a 1,000-fold improvement over a petaFLOP machine.

The development of computing power had followed an exponential fashion for several years. But a downturn in the rate of progress has been detected during the second half of the 2010s. It had previously been predicted that exaFLOP machines could arrive at the end of the decade, but this schedule seemed to slide as technical and funding problems were struck.

IBM unveiled”Summit” — featuring a peak performance of 200 petaFLOPS — that became the world’s fastest supercomputer in June 2018, a name it would keep into 2019 and 2020. Many challengers were waiting in the wings, including three exaFLOP machines being developed by China, three from the USA and others from the European Union, India, Japan and Taiwan. These would be deployed throughout the early and mid-2020s.

China was the first country to attain a”summit” exaFLOP machine, but there were continuing delays in attaining a continuing exaFLOP performance. By 2021, this is finally shown, using chips designed and manufactured domestically. One of the new machines is Tianhe-3, successor to the Tianhe-2. After China, the upcoming countries to demonstrate that a sustained exaFLOP operation are the United States and Japan.

Exascale computing contributes to revolutionary advances in numerous fields — permitting simulations of scale, complexity and length than ever before. Neuroscience is one area of particular note, as it will become possible to simulate the whole human brain in real time, down to the level of individual neurons. Subsequent upgrades to existing machines, along with completely new machines, enable additional orders of magnitude gains in functionality and pave the way to zettaFLOP supercomputers in the 2030s.

The ExoMars rover touches down on Mars
ExoMars is a joint mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos). Divided into two parts, the first stage of the mission was launched in 2016, coming nine months later. This consisted of an orbiter — ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter — for mapping resources of methane and other gases on Mars, to ascertain the best place for a rover to study. Additionally, it contained a static presentation module to demonstrate the landing site was viable.

The next stage is launched in 2020, coming in 2021 with the ExoMars rover built by ESA. This lands on Mars with a”sky crane” system, where four rockets slow the descent after the main parachute was deployed. The landing site is near the equator to increase available solar power.

The rover’s primary aim is to ascertain any signs of microbial life on Mars, past or present. It’s equipped with a drill which bores down two metres beneath the surface to recover samples. These are moved to a tiny laboratory within the rover. This contains a detector for biological molecules, infrared and X-ray spectroscopes that catalog the mineralogical makeup of the sample, together with imaging devices.

Found in the drill arrangement is just another infrared spectrometer that studies the interior surface of the bore hole. ExoMars utilizes ground-penetrating radar to look for ideal locations where to drill. The assignment is almost entirely automated, since the rover uses imaging cameras to make a 3D map of the terrain to be able to avoid obstacles. It has a lifespan of six months, travelling roughly 100 metres every day and testing dozens of different samples.

The spacecraft was scheduled to launch in 2018 and land on Mars in ancient 2019, but because of delays in Russian and European industrial activities and deliveries of the scientific payload, it had been moved to the launching window in July 2020. With a travel time of nine months, it arrives in March 2021.

Flight of the New Glenn Rocket
astronaut, John Glenn) is a heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle developed by Blue Origin, the aerospace firm founded by Amazon boss Jeff Bezos. The booster stage is designed to be reusable, cutting launch costs and making it a rival to SpaceX.

Formerly, Blue Origin had developed the New Shepard — a vertical-takeoff, vertical-landing (VTVL), crew-capable rocket. Prototype testing in 2006, followed by full-scale engine development from the early 2010s, resulted in a first flight in 2015. Reaching an altitude of 93 kilometers (58 miles), this uncrewed demonstration was deemed somewhat effective, as the onboard capsule was recovered through parachute landing, while the booster phase crashed, and not recovered.

By 2019, a further 11 test flights had taken place, all successfully landing and recovering the booster phase. The New Shepard, with a height of 18 m (59 feet ) and only a very small payload, dropped into the sub-orbital class of rockets. By comparison, its successor would be more than five times as tall on the launching platform.

New Glenn, standing 95 m (313 feet ), dwarfed the earlier New Shepard and has been designed to carry 45,000 kg (99,000 pound ) into low-Earth orbit (LEO) and 13,000 kg (29,000 lb) into geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO). Blue Origin started working on the New Glenn in 2012, and publicly disclosed its design and specifications in 2016.

The vehicle, called a two-stage rocket with a diameter of 7 m (23 feet ), could be powered by seven BE-4 motors (equal to 21 Boeing 747s). Bezos now reportedly sold $1 billion worth of Amazon.com stock annually — a figure that doubled by the end of the decade — to be able to finance Blue Origin. By 2019, Blue Origin had gained five clients for New Glenn flights, including a multi-launch contract with Telesat for its broadband constellation.

Visa-Free Destinations To Visit

Everyone dreams of travelling from the nation, but any Philippine passport holder would know just how much of a struggle it is to receive a visa. In actuality, this is frequently the reason for excursions not pushing through. Luckily, there is about 61 nations to see with our Philippine passports with no visa! Here is some of our favourite visa-free destinations ideal for your summer holiday.

With numerous visa-free destinations to select from, all you need now are exciting activities to make your stay worthwhile! Read until the end to discover how you can save, off to your favourite activities anywhere in the world!

Taipei, Taiwan
Taiwan is just offering visa-free entrance for Philippine passport holders until July 31, 2019, so you better get going!

Any foodie would know the best way to understand a culture is through their meals! Eat your way through Taiwan and see the many night markets in Taipei for mouth watering dishes! The streets of Taipei come alive at night as locals and tourists come together to satisfy their hungry tummies!

The best sights and attractions in Taipei can be addressed within two to three days, so we also suggest doing a fast day trip to Jiufen or Yehliu as well. Contrary to popular belief, it’s in fact rather easy to visit these cities. Just reserve yourself a Jiufen shuttle bus or Yehliu shuttle bus from Ximending (Taipei) and you are ready to go!

Siem Reap, Cambodia
Siem Reap, Cambodia is one of Asia’s most enchanting destinations. Beyond the gates of this city, tourists will find themselves traveling back in time for a great number of stone buildings come into view. These ancient temples are the lifeblood of tourism in Angkor, and millions of tourists traveling far to bask in all its glory!

Seeing these 12th century ruins is like a rite of passage in Siem Reap. However, that does not mean you ought to skip out on researching what the rest of the town offers. In most recent years, Siem Reap has developed itself into one of Asia’s tourist hotspots! After temple running through Angkor’s best, ride a tuktuk to Pub Street for an wonderful night life experience!

Jeju Island, South Korea
Ever since the Korean wave struck the Philippines, Filipinos have been excited to travel to Seoul, South Korea. However, because of visa restrictions, many have opted to postpone their trips. But little do they know they can really get a glimpse of Seoul from the coastal city of Jeju Island!

Jeju Island is a visa-free destination in South Korea preferred by a lot of Koreans wanting to break away from the town’s busy culture. Though it’s an island, much of Seoul and Busan’s attributes are replicated in Jeju’s city centre! Tourists can certainly get their hands on their preferred K-beauty goods, KPop product, yummy street food and all around authentic Korean culture!

Furthermore, Jeju Island’s coastal location boasts its own charms! Tourists can expect plenty of natural wonders, sea activities, and many UNESCO world heritage sites you may see in South Korea’s largest island.

Bali, Indonesia
If you are fantasizing about the exotic islands of Bali, Indonesia — then you are in luck! Not only are these respectable beaches relatively close, but they are also situated in a visa-free nation!

Although Bali has coined the nickname “Island of the Gods” for its scenic beaches, this island is also blessed with beautiful landscapes and elaborate temples! Take a fast break from the sea and sand and go to the countryside of Ubud to immerse yourself in Balinese culture!

Bali is the best summer heaven for any island lover. If you’re arranging a fast 4D3N visit to the island, below are a few suggestions for your summer getaway!

Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
Amidst the override of bikes, the town of Ho Chi Minh is pulsating with life and civilization! The streets of Saigon, as it is locally known as, are congested with flavoursome food, bustling markets, and third wave coffee stores. Despite its rapid development, Vietnam’s history and culture still lies in the heart of the city.

Neighbouring trendy restaurants and upscale shopping markets are a few of the nation’s prestigious pagodas and Vietnam War remnants museums. Wander around the streets of Saigon and tourists will notice plenty of French influences from the city’s structures and food, which makes the city truly unmissable!

Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Many foreigners consider this to be the number one destination for a quick escape from the nation. It is close enough to still bump into countless Filipinos, but at exactly the exact same time, we get to experience cooler weather and a whole new cultural experience!

Hong Kong is known to provide amazing shopping experiences! Not only is Hong Kong home to a lot of our favourite brands, it also appears to be affordable! And if there is anything Filipinos love, it has imported goods and a fantastic bargain!

March down the roads of Mongkok and Causeway Bay for a shopping experience that will not break the bank. As soon as you’ve drained the streets of Hong Kong, be certain that you have a fill of the delicious dimsum and duck in a neighborhood Chinese restaurant!

Car Tech You Never Knew You Needed

This isn’t likely to be a list of Pimp My Ride-worthy supersonic audio systems, hot tubs in the back of the truck, aquariums, as well as ribbons, but a practical collection of all of the car accessories that might actually enhance your driving experience.

From dash cams that will prove your innocence in a collision to wireless Bluetooth transmitters for car audio systems that predate smartphone connectivity, the automobile accessory market is surely a variable one.

But before we get into the cool gadgetry, there is one crucial item that clinches the top spot. Dog hair, crisp crumbs, sand, hairpins, and the strange 1p coin; from the end of the month, your car probably resembles a detritus dumping ground, which means the smart and suitable Dyson V6 Car & Boat is a no-brainer in regards to ‘need to purchase’ car accessories.

We’ll leave the ‘need to get’ decision up to you — they’re pretty cool, however.

There is nothing more annoying than trying to explain to the insurer that the accident was not your fault, regardless of what type of tangled web of lies that the third party is trying to weave. Well now, the evidence is in the camera.

Recording in 4K quality, this wise dashcam permits you to record and readily transfer footage from the device to your phone or home PC. It uses a magnetic pad to fasten itself into the dashboard and it monitors your GPS and speed to guarantee everything’s fair and square whenever you happen to have an accident.

While the bloke out of Britain’s Got Talent might have enjoyed his 15 minutes of fame (can not remember ‘where my secrets, where I call’? Look this up on Youtube, it will blow your mind), we know only too well the frustration of really misplacing them.

This handy gadget attaches to your keys; you can ring it out of your telephone or consult with the program to see if they were last observed. You may also press the button on the Tile Mate itself and it is going to ring your phone… and it will even make a sound in quiet mode.

The Divi USB charger is among the most compact car chargers on the market, with a slimline design, which sits almost flush with the edge of the socket. It’ll let you simultaneously charge two devices at full speed with 2.4A in every USB port.

The aluminum case looks more superior to the plastic choices available on the current market, and the scratch resistance technology keeps it looking like new. The Divi charger has a range of security guarantees and includes a 12-month manufacturer warranty.

Add Bluetooth to your car audio system with Firefly, the world’s smallest music recipient. Firefly permits you to stream music from your smartphone to any device with an AUX input.

Just plug Firefly into your music system and a USB power supply, and set it with your smartphone. Once paired, Firefly will recall your device and auto-connect whenever you are close by.

If your vehicle is getting on a bit, and won’t always start the first time, do not call a tow truck service or wait on the side of the street for help, use the Arteck. This handy little device will lump your automobile up to 20 times on a single charge, with heavy-duty wires and clamp constructed in.

It will also charge all your portable devices, including tablets, cameras, wireless headphones, and portable gaming systems, and so on, and, if this was not enough, it’s an ultra-bright LED torch built-in.

After the radio jingles literally make you want to blow a gasket, hook your phone up to this transmitter and play your own songs through your car stereo. With an in-built microphone, echo cancellation, and noise suppression, this transmitter conveniently doubles up as a hands-free calling apparatus and triples up as a charger.

Plugging into your cigarette lighter socket, this transmitter is easy to use and, according to people who have already purchased it, provides oodles of performance attributes, too.

If you have just got a new car, or are trying to upgrade your old car, you’d be surprised how effective a clean is. If you’re looking for a whole clean, you can not go wrong with Autoglym’s Bodywork, Wheels & Interior collection.

The kit includes everything you want to get your car sparkling again, such as bodywork shampoo, super resin polish, additional gloss protection, clean wheels, instant tire dressing, metal wheel seal, interior shampoo, automobile glass polish, plastic and plastic care, a sponge, hi-tech finishing fabric, and lastly, an aqua dry fabric.

If you are on the go for work, taking telephone calls every five minutes while surfing online spreadsheets can take its toll on your battery, so if you are driving between clients, it is a fantastic time to give your phone a boost of charge. This Scosche USB charger is small and fits neatly in your cigarette lighter socket.

Apparel Design, Sourcing and Production

The apparel supply chain will look very different in 12 weeks’ time. Operational and tactical answers to the coronavirus will have consequences on product design, development, sourcing, and production resiliency for years and years to come.

Here are some likely scenarios that the apparel industry can begin to prepare for today:

Post-Pandemic Supply Chain Consolidation
The pandemic has set out the lights for several SME manufacturers and suppliers in markets such as India, China, and Bangladesh, with authorities small-business support obsolete. Tier 2 and Tier 3 providers will be consumed by larger entities to localize manufacturing and benefit from the benefits of vertical integration for supply chain management, resiliency, and risk management. Brands and retailers will see that the diversity of the supply chain partners might be shifting in the months and years to come.

Post-pandemic, upstream consolidation provides producers the capacity to offer integrated solutions and become a strategic partner to its global retailer and brand clients, achieving faster product innovation and lead-times. Welspun in India began with a solitary textile mill, and it has invested Capex in buying yarn spinning capacity locally to encourage it is textile manufacturing, which makes it vertically integrated from fiber to finished product.

Brands and retailers will be trying to de-risk product development with each step along the supply chain under scrutiny — from yarn spinning, weaving to dying to cut and sew. Those retailers who have money may now even invest funds in their core vendors and producers for equity or perform joint-ventures. Integration, investment, and consolidation can ensure a more reliable supply chain system for your future.

Inventory Management: From “Just-In-Time” to “Just-in-Case”
Inventory management from raw materials to semi-finished to finished goods will proceed from”just-in-time” into”just-in-case.” Every merchant and manufacturer is affected by this catastrophe in some way; in January, it was the absence of fabric availability from China; in April, an upgrade from Italian yarn providers suggests that the industrial lockdown and anticipated production constraints will continue until at least early June. Supply chain roadblocks are coming from all around the world.

From yarn manufacturing to cut-and-sew, some manufacturers have ceased production entirely, some have observed greatly reduced demand and many others have noticed a massive increase in demand. Businesses with limited product offerings may have greater control of their distribution chain output in emergency times. Levi’s is a good example of how its principal attraction of denim jeans supplies upstream visibility for materials sourcing center replenishment and downstream assortment stability, where inventory can be transported to future seasons mitigating discounting and margin erosion.

Real-time visibility to the availability of raw materials, finished products, work in progress, etc. could be the perfect toolkit, exposing potential constraints into first-, second- and – third-tier providers. The upcoming pandemic “playbook” may entail raising security stock, alongside combined stock management strategies that maintain rapid access to core materials on a regional and product basis.

Diversification of Materials Sourcing and Production Ex-China
Trade tensions of US and China began a diversification process two or more decades back. The pandemic is accelerating this trend, as business leaders go through the supply chain threat of a nation whose factories are shut.

To what extent governments will subsidize domestic production remains to be seen. At the start of the coronavirus, the Japanese government pushed its businesses to move production, announcing over $2 billion in aid to shift production from China and into regional suppliers.

Even without government intervention, the anticipation is that contingency planning for sourcing and manufacturing will become a consideration alongside the price benefits of creating manufacturing economies of scale. Areas like Turkey, Jordan, and India might now see their attempts to win larger orders and bigger market share pay off.

These markets will have to reveal a cautious transition post-pandemic into productivity. In the factory-level, investments into strict worker health monitoring will be critical, ensuring that there is sufficient capacity to screen tens of thousands of employees at scale whilst maximizing output given the probability of government-stipulated caps on working hours.

Near-shoring will be accelerated in response to an increased desire for goods made closer to home, according to McKinsey. New manufacturing hubs may emerge inviting brands to think laterally about manufacturing, with capacities and performance tested through smaller capsule collections. The ability to quickly deliver on trends that near-shoring affords may allow a greater sell-through and offset concerns about the gross reduction from low-cost manufacturing from Asia.

Coronavirus and Sustainability; Demand-pull and Supply Pushback
Post-pandemic, there’ll be a conundrum; customers are thinking hard about their decisions and the need for a more sustainable way of life following the coronavirus, making decisions based upon values. On the other hand, many in the apparel industry won’t have the funds to invest in transparent supply chains and responsible sourcing applications in a meaningful manner.

Online sales for apparel and footwear retailers dropped 37 percent in March, based on Rakuten, and foot traffic to U.S. stores dropped 58.4 percent in late March, according to ShopperTrak. Online retailers from high-end to athleisure showed deep reductions of over 30 percent in the previous weeks, crushing earnings and earnings, and contributing to many business liquidations and insolvencies.

And if there are any category winners — possibly value players and discount merchants — sustainability isn’t necessarily an agenda item. As priorities for manufacturers and retailers concentrate on survival, sustainability will have to reinvent itself in the supply chain as a cheaper, faster, better version driven by innovation and transparency tools.